Adaptogenic Herbs

Winston, David & Maimes, Steven. “Adaptogens: Herbs for Strength, Stamina, and Stress Relief,” Healing Arts Press, 2007.

Rege NN, Thatte UM, Dahanukar SA. “Adaptogenic properties of six rasayana herbs used in Ayurvedic medicine.” Phytother Res. 1999 Jun;13(4):275-91.

Kelly GS. “Nutritional and botanical interventions to assist with the adaptation to stress.” Altern Med Rev. 1999 Aug;4(4):249-65.

Seely D, Singh R. “Adaptogenic potential of a polyherbal natural health product: report on a longitudinal clinical trial.” Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2007 Sep;4(3):375-80.

NFM Staff. “The cancer-preventive benefits of brassica vegetables.” Natural Foods Merchandiser. Apr. 24, 2008 9:00am


Holy Basil

Singh S, Nair V, Jain S, Gupta YK. Indian J Exp Biol. “Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of plant lipids containing alpha-linolenic acid.” 2008 Jun;46(6):453-6.

Manikandan P, Murugan RS, Abbas H, Abraham SK, Nagini S. J Med Food. “Ocimum sanctum Linn. (Holy Basil) ethanolic leaf extract protects against 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced genotoxicity, oxidative stress, and imbalance in xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes.” 2007 Sep;10(3):495-502.


Lycium Fruit (Lychii, Goji, Wolfberry)
Chevallier A. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. 2nd ed. New York, NY: DK Publ, Inc., 2000.

Kim SY, Lee EJ, Kim HP, Lee HS, Kim YC. Phytother Res. “LCC, a cerebroside from Lycium chinense, protects primary cultured rat hepatocytes exposed to galactosamine.” 2000 Sep;14(6):448-51.


He Shou Wu
Park HJ, Zhang N, Park DK. J Ethnopharmacol. “Topical application of Polygonum multiflorum extract induces hair growth of resting hair follicles through upregulating Shh and β-catenin expression in C57BL/6 mice.” 2011 Mar 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Castleman, M. The New Healing Herbs. 2001, St. Martin’s Press. pp 216-224.

Nocerino E, Amato M, Izzo AA. “The aphrodisiac and adaptogenic properties of ginseng.” Fitoterapia. 2000 Aug;71 Suppl 1:S1-5.

Castleman, M. The New Healing Herbs. 2001, St. Martin’s Press. pp 71-72.

Makchuchit S, Itharat A, Tewtrakul S. “Antioxidant and nitric oxide inhibition activities of Thai medicinal plants.” J Med Assoc Thai. 2010 Dec;93 Suppl 7:S227-35.

Choi KH, Jeong SI, Lee JH, Hwang BS, Lee S, Choi BK, Jung KY. “Acetylene compound isolated from Atractylodes japonica stimulates the contractility of rat distal colon via inhibiting the nitrergic-purinergic relaxation.” J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Mar 8;134(1):104-10. Epub 2010 Dec 3.

Jeong SI, et al. “Antibacterial activity of phytochemicals isolated from Atractylodes japonica against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.” Molecules. 2010 Oct 21;15(10):7395-402.


Licorice Root
Castleman, M. The New Healing Herbs. 2001, St. Martin’s Press. pp 271-275.


Dwyer AV, Whitten DL, Hawrelak JA. “Herbal medicines, other than St. John’s Wort, in the treatment of depression: a systematic review.” Altern Med Rev. 2011 Mar;16(1):40-9.

Hung SK, Perry R, Ernst E. “The effectiveness and efficacy of Rhodiola rosea L.: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials.” Phytomedicine. 2011 Feb 15;18(4):235-44. Epub 2010 Oct 30.


Sandhu JS, Shah B, Shenoy S, Chauhan S, Lavekar GS, Padhi MM. “Effects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) and Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) on physical performance and cardiorespiratory endurance in healthy young adults.” Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jul;1(3):144-9.


Dang Shen
Wang ZT, Ng TB, Yeung HW, Xu GJ (December 1996). “Immuno-modulatory effect of a polysaccharide-enriched preparation of
Codonopsis pilosula roots”. Gen. Pharmacol. 27 (8): 1347–50.

Winston, David & Maimes, Steven. “Adaptogens: Herbs for Strength, Stamina, and Stress Relief,” Healing Arts Press, 2007. (Monograph on Codonopsis pilosula [Dang shen] and health benefits.)

Yongxu S, Jicheng L. “Structural characterization of a water-soluble polysaccharide from the roots of Codonopsis pilosula and its immunity activity.” Int J Biol Macromol. 2008 Oct 1;43(3):279-82. Epub 2008 Jul 3.


Longan Fruit
Zhong K, Wang Q, He Y, He X. “Evaluation of radicals scavenging, immunity-modulatory and antitumor activities of longan polysac-charides with ultrasonic extraction on in S180 tumor mice models.” Int J Biol Macromol. 2010 Oct 1;47(3):356-60. Epub 2010 Jun 4.

Zheng SQ, Jiang F, Gao HY, Zheng JG. “Preliminary observations on the antifatigue effects of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) seed polysaccharides.” Phytother Res. 2010 Apr;24(4):622-4.

Park SJ, Park DH, Kim DH, Lee S, Yoon BH, Jung WY, Lee KT, Cheong JH, Ryu JH. “The memory-enhancing effects of Euphoria longan fruit extract in mice.” J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Mar 2;128(1): 160-5. Epub 2010 Jan 11.


Reishi Mushroom
Chen WY, Yang WB, Wong CH, Shih DT. “Effect of Reishi polysaccharides on human stem/progenitor cells.” Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Dec 15;18(24):8583-91. Epub 2010 Nov 4.

Chang YH, Yang JS, Yang JL, Wu CL, Chang SJ, Lu KW, Kuo CL, Hsia TC, Chung JG. “Gandoderma lucidum extract promotes immune responses in normal BALB/c mice In vivo.” In Vivo. 2009 Sep-Oct;23(5):755-9.


Shiitake Mushroom
Zhou LD, Zhang QH, Zhang Y, Liu J, Cao YM. “The shiitake mush-room-derived immuno-stimulant lentinan protects against murine malaria blood-stage infection by evoking adaptive immune respon-ses.” Int Immunopharmacol. 2009 Apr;9(4):455-62. Epub 2009 Feb 2.


Maitake Mushroom
Yu S, Weaver V, Martin K, Cantorna MT. “The effects of whole mushrooms during inflammation.” BMC Immunol. 2009 Feb 20; 10: 12.


Meena H, Pandey HK, Arya MC, Ahmed Z. “Shilajit: A panacea for high-altitude problems.” Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jan;1(1):37-40.

Agarwal SP, Khanna R, Karmarkar R, Anwer MK, Khar RK. “Shilajit: a review.” Phytother Res. 2007 May;21(5):401-5.


Schizandra Berry
Panossian A. Wikman G. “Pharmacology of Schisandra chinensis Bail.: an overview of Russian research and uses in medicine.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 118(2):183-212, 2008 Jul 23.

Guo LY. Hung TM. Bae KH. Shin EM. Zhou HY. Hong YN. Kang SS. Kim HP. Kim YS. “Anti-inflammatory effects of schisandrin isolated from the fruit of Schisandra chinensis Baill.” European Journal of Pharmacology. 591(1-3):293-9, 2008 Sep 4.


Mill Goetz P. “Demonstration of the psychotropic effect of mother tincture of Zizyphus jujuba” Phytotherapie 2009 7:1 (31-36)


Acerola Cherry
Kuskoski EM, Asuero AG, Morales MT, Fett R. “Wild fruits and pulps of frozen fruits: antioxidant activity, polyphenols and antho-cyanins.” Cienc Rural 36:4 July/Aug 2006.


Acai Berry
Mertens-Talcott SU, Rios J, Jilma-Stohlawetz P, et al. “Phar-macokinetics of anthocyanins and antioxidant effects after the consumption of anthocyanin-rich acai juice and pulp (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) in human healthy volunteers”. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Sep. 56 (17): 7796–802.


Hemp Seed Protein
Odani S. “Isolation and primary structure of a methionine- and cystine-rich seed protein of Cannabis sativa.” Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1998 Apr;62(4):650-4.


Khan Z, Bhadouria P, Bisen PS. “Nutritional and therapeutic po-tential of Spirulina.” Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2005 Oct;6(5):373-9.


Purple Dulse Weed
Ginsburg L. “The Vegetables That Came From the Sea.” Natural Foods Merchandiser Apr. 24, 2008 9:00am (


Leafy Greens: Kale, Collards, Spinach
Lin LZ, Harnly JM. “Identification of the phenolic components of collard greens, kale, and Chinese broccoli.” J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Aug 26;57(16):7401-8.

Su Q, Rowley KG, Itsiopoulos C, O’Dea K. “Identification and quantitation of major carotenoids in selected components of the Mediterranean diet: green leafy vegetables, figs and olive oil.” Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Nov;56(11):1149-54.

Broccoli chemical’s cancer check”. BBC News. 7 February 2006. (


Brussels Sprouts
“How Dietary Supplement May Block Cancer Cells”. Science Daily. 30 June 2010. (


Flax Seed
Pan A, Yu D, Demark-Wahnefried W, Franco OH, Lin X. “Meta-analysis of the effects of flaxseed interventions on blood lipids.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Aug; 90(2): 288-97.


Beet Roots
Webb, AJ et al. (2008), “Acute Blood Pressure Lowering, Vasoprotective, and Antiplatelet Properties of Dietary Nitrate via Bioconversion to Nitrite.” Hypertension 2008. 51 (3): 784–790.

“Beet your personal best”. Sydney Morning Hearld. 4 October 2010. (”

Ferreira LF, Behnke BJ. “A toast to health and performance! Beetroot juice lowers blood pressure and the O2 cost of exercise.” J Appl Physiol. 2011 Mar;110(3):585-6. Epub 2010 Dec 23.